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One significant challenge that organizations face today is the culturally diverse pool of employees, the renewed focus on multiculturalism, and the need for multicultural leadership. Consequently, this article provides a literature review on multicultural leadership. It examines multicultural leadership, perspectives, and its purpose. It also discusses conflicting values, their implications for multicultural leadership, and what organizations within a multicultural setting can do to empower and satisfy employees.


Multiculturalism multicultural leadership cultural diversity values culture

Article Details

Author Biographies

Obed Byiringiro, Adventist University of Africa, Kenya

Byiringiro Obed is a Pastor in the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Rwanda Union Mission, Kigali, working as a district Pastor. He earned his bachelor’s in Theology from the Adventist University of Central Africa and a Master’s in Business Administration from the University of Lay Adventists of Kigali (UNILAK). He is a Ph.D. candidate in Leadership at the Adventist University of Africa. His research interests include the spiritual well-being of Gospel workers in the SDA church.

Risper Awuor, Adventist University of Africa, Kenya

Risper A. Awuor is the Deputy Vice Chancellor for Academic Administration and Associate Professor of Applied Statistics at the Adventist University of Africa in Nairobi, Kenya. She earned her Ph.D. in Educational Research and Evaluation from Virginia Tech, Virginia, USA, after which she served at Southern Adventist University and Northern Caribbean University as a Research methodologist. Before joining the Adventist University of Africa, she worked at Asia-Pacific International University in Thailand as the Dean (Faculty of Education). Her research interests are factors that influence student motivation and academic achievement.

How to Cite
Byiringiro, O., & Awuor, R. (2023). Multicultural Leadership: A Literature Review. Pan-African Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 4(2). Retrieved from


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