Main Article Content


There are divergent views on ἐν τῇ γυναικί as reflected in many Bible versions. However, the study thesis is that it expresses personal relationships; hence, the meaning “to unite to his wife” is the probable rendition. The syntactical relationship between the phrase and ἡγίασται suggests the use of an indirect middle voice rather than a passive one. For this reason, the study concludes that taking the phrase in its historical, literary, semantic, and syntactic context, the verse’s probable meaning should be: because the unbelieving husband has devoted (in his own self-interest) to (unite to/belong to) his wife and the unbelieving wife has devoted (in her own self-interest) to (unite to/belong to) her husband: otherwise, then your children were illegitimate (impure), but now they are pure (legitimate).


Unbelieving Husband Believing Wife Dedicated Legitimate

Article Details

Author Biography

Mayboy Muchabwe, Adventist University of Africa, Kenya

 Mayboy Muchabwe is a PhD student in Biblical and Theological Studies (New Testament Emphasis) at the Adventist University of Africa, Kenya. He could be reached at

How to Cite
Muchabwe, M. (2023). The Use, Meaning and Theological Significance of the Preposition ἐν, in ἐν τῇ γυναικὶ in 1 Corinthians 7:12-16. Pan-African Journal of Theology, 2(2), 41–60. Retrieved from