Main Article Content


This paper which employed the historical-theological methodology, intended to investigate the relationship between the Roman Catholic Church and the Ecumenical Movement, and the role Roman Catholicism has played in the Ecumenical Movement since its inception. It was observed in the study that the Roman Catholic Church’s relationship and role to the Ecumenical Movement has been determined by two-time epochs: Before Vatican II (1962-1965), and after Vatican II. Before Vatican II, Roman Catholicism was critical of the Ecumenical Movement and sought to distance itself from it. However, after Vatican II (1962-1965), Roman Catholicism changed her strategy in relating to the Ecumenical Movement, and not her position. She redefines ecumenism as a return of the separated churches to her, and goes a step further to amalgamate all world religions. This actually poses a threat to the Ecumenical Movement since it can lead to Roman Catholic supremacy and dominance of the movement. It also has the potential of threatening religious freedom leading to theological compromises.


Roman Catholic Church Ecumenism Relationship Aggiornamento

Article Details

Author Biographies

Peter Obeng Manu, Valley View University, Ghana

Peter Obeng Manu is a Doctor of Philosophy Candidate at the Adventist University of Africa, Kenya, a lecturer, and an Associate Chaplain at Valley View University, Ghana. He could be reached at

Kenneth Oppong, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana

Kenneth Oppong is an Assistant Chaplain at Valley View University, Ghana, and a Master of Philosophy Student in Religious Studies at the Department of Religious Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. He could be reached at

How to Cite
Obeng Manu, P., & Oppong, K. (2023). The Ecumenical Movement and the Challenge of Roman Catholicism. Pan-African Journal of Theology, 2(2), 122–139. Retrieved from